After the oil spills in Wisconsin, the inherent risks of oil transport and storage received renewed public attention again. The Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (OPA) as the amendment of the Clean Water Act was passed by Congress. OPA was enacted to reduce the frequency of major oil spills, improve the efficiency of spill response, expand preparedness activities, and to provide for better coordination of spill response and planning among local, state, and federal agencies and private groups.
Since 1992, the Great Lakes Commission has provided support to the
U.S. EPA Region 5 and the Inland Area Planning Committee (IAPC) in developing the Area and Regional Contingency Plan and associated Sub-area Plans under OPA and the National Oil and Hazardous Substances Pollution Contingency Plan (NCP). This work has including extensive data compilation through the use of a geographic information system (GIS), the development of map products for spill response planning and implementation, and preparation of Sub-area Plans for states in the region.
Below is a snapshot of major oil pipeline in the Great Lakes Basin.